On issues of universal justice if we may so call it, the Nuremberg process marks a milestone in the history of mankind. It is the first time that an international tribunal dictates judgement on crimes against humanity, over the jurisdiction of a country. It paves the way for the creation of international tribunals, such as the Hague, which recently was the scene of the trial against the former President Slobodan Milosevich for atrocities committed during the war in the territory of the former Yugoslavia. Above any consideration must be said that the existence of these courts safeguard, so is symbolically are well known difficulties in the field of jurisprudence and the treatment of evidence the respect for human rights. But it is also a clear sign of the concept of Justice that you have in the Western world, and which since time immemorial has preserved its essence. To every crime his punishment by simplifying it, without wishing to banalizarlo.
The problem arises when the punishment becomes a source of conflict. In a process in which literally shot guilty maximums heads, such as the Nuremberg process, until point Justice has been done? In that that contributed to the rapprochement and reconciliation of peoples? At the peace of the world? A peace between the Jewish people and the German people? Leading to a more personal and individual level the question would be: it is comforting and restana pain the death of the perpetrator? Do maybe not I’m getting the same height? Not me charge I also blame? Or maybe in this case death, the Elimination of life is justifiable? One of the possible answers South Africa, has given them through the way in which has managed to reconcile a past full of horror with a promising future, resorting to his most precious treasure: culture and wisdom of its indigenous peoples. The truth and Reconciliation Commission, created by Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela (both Nobel prizes) has managed to become architect of numerous miracles, within a field in which Western science of the Criminology and psychology since centuries that is swimming without getting results.