Monthly Archives: April 2013



In the presence of small sources of fire (smoldering cigarette butts, matches, a short circuit in the electrical, etc.) fire wood and fire spread in protected structures is not happening. The deep impregnation of wood, carried out in the impregnating cylinder under pressure and hot-cold baths, provides good protection from fire. In this case, impregnated with fire retardant wood, regardless of the source of the fire is not ignited, but only a char and not able to spread the fire. The mechanism of protection from fire retardants has not been studied in detail. It is known that at high temperatures, depending on the type of flame retardant may occur following physical changes: a flame retardant melts at a temperature below the point fire wood to form a glaze that covers it and the connection with the oxygen of the air, fire-resistant substance decomposes under the influence of high temperatures, highlighting the large amount of inert gases, these gases reduce the relative content of volatile pyrolysis products from the wood surface, because of this hot mixture is not ignited, in the process of melting and evaporation retardant consume a large amount of heat in result, the temperature of the surface layers of the timber does not reach the limit values, at which its ignition, flame retardant material, located on the wood surface, which hinders access of oxygen to the source .Produkty decomposition of wood, in violation of a protective film, the pressure released to the environment and burn at some distance from her and because of this fire Wood is not happening. Based on these provisions, the best flame retardants are substances that are under the influence of high temperatures decompose with the release of inert gases and form a protective film on the surface timber. For example, ammonium phosphate when heated allocates ammonia, which does not support burning wood, and phosphoric acids, covering the wood (or coal) with a protective film.

Fire resistance of building structures characterized by a time during which a fire they are capable of withstanding the required loads without being destroyed. Unprotected wooden structures have a relatively high fire resistance, 20-70 minutes. But big disadvantage of wooden structures in the fact that they are able to further the spread of fire and can serve themselves a source of fire. As a result, the protective treatment of wood fire-retardant wood designs can be improved by 3-4 times. In this case, flame retardants impregnated wood, exposed to fire, slowly smolders without letting the flame, after removing the source of fire wood is quickly extinguished.

Editorial Company


Intelligent Enterprise system, is a system of organization whose purpose is to achieve the full and continuous satisfaction of the present and future needs of the customer, through the consolidation of the added value and creating new value, by its collaborators and leaders, in the substantive activities of the company, using his intellect and his art; Thus, the economic continuity of the Organization, and providing human capital to the country. Among its multiple aspects of benefit, is the de re-alfabetizar functionally their activities to persons of the company or organisation concerned. Autocatalytic autocatalytic learning learning is phases above in the evolution of the learning of persons, laque generated their own knowledge. That is, after going through learning obtained in previous phases, that start with the traditional training where the teacher explains and the student listens, continuing with other types of teaching and learning in which gradually the person arrives to learn on their own, although in a very basic way, and then lies on the autocatalytic. This concept is described to details in the book intelligent enterprise system, a proposal to the world about how should be the company was of the knowledge (2005), by Anibal Basurto Amparano, Editorial company smart, Mexico; and hence exposes how it evolves the generation and transmission of knowledge, i.e. in the following phases of the learning of persons: 1st. The traditional courses, 2nd.

Ubiquitous courses, 3rd.Hard self-learning, 4th.Directed interactive self-learning, 5th.Auto-catalitico learning, 6th. Constructivist learning and 7th. Constructivist work. In the intelligent enterprise system, the above-mentioned phases are developed through the Ateneo, which is defined as: powerful school of learning and self-learning, whose ultimate goal is that the person learn to work and work learning in place of work, managing to generate, to structure and disseminate useful knowledge for the achievement of the mission and vision of the organization. The impulse to autocatalytic learning, is suitable for any organization, company of private or public institution, by the various benefits it generates, this is both for the Organization and for its customers or users and for staff of the same. There are cases in which the effectiveness of the aforementioned type of learning, has been tested as in the Commission Federal electricity (CFE) of Mexico, which were created technological universities specifically intended for their workers.

People who come to the stage of learning-autocatalytic, acquire the capacity to generate knowledge from reading books, and can thus write other books and came to prepare courses for the transmission of their knowledge to other people who are at earlier stages of learning. In this way, the organization in which occurs the above, encourages the creation, preservation and increase intellectual capital in the same. The book intelligent enterprise system, sets out that persons will be preparing to enter in the synthetic phase of the system which is the so-called network of microbusiness in this phase of learning.

Spiritual Intelligence


He who seeks the consciousness is consciousness itself Ramon Gallegos the trilogy of spiritual intelligence, consists of three excellent books that its author Dr. Ramon Gallegos has written, reading opens us a new vision for all we have at our disposal a new way to reach and develop this spiritual intelligence, the best of all, which enables us to listen to the flame of beingto hear the voice of the truth without words to hear the flame of universal love. Ramon Gallegos teaches us that spirituality is everything that brings more awareness, more inner peace, reconciliation, compassion, dialogue, helps us all with her live responsibly, we are creative, open, accessible, comprehensive, it allows us to be in full presence, not complicity, understanding it as an intelligent action. Spirituality is our nature, we are born with it but we have not yet become aware of this, us is doing a wrong to live way that this exceptional part in us it does not have present, but simply that know and understand that we are on this earth living only a human experience because we are by nature spiritual beings, and spirituality is the only one that will not allow you know and be will be, she allow us know and be will be, she allow us be aware, be attentive. Ramon Gallegos pointed out that to develop this intelligence we are able to make the best decisions in any field; social, professional, emotional, or spiritual, we got us a mental clarity through holistic practice, in which meditation and self inquiry are its most important components. Spirituality and happiness can not be viewed from the mental eye, or the eye of contemplation we require of awakening of reason, and this spiritual intelligence is the way, to delve into spirituality us will give account to our human nature is only spirituality, but this many of us don’t recognize it by the band covering our eyesIt has not allowed us, we are believing that something need us but that something there has always been only need give us that we are complete there has always existed but the mechanistic schools were commissioned to encourage us that blindness which is the cause of unhappiness.

China Construction Bank


(IBEX35:san; NYSE:STD) which just received good news by Fitch Ratings, which confirmed the rating AA’s long-term entity and placed it within its stable Outlook for new policies put in place. Fitch had put the entity in the Group of surveillance (with the possibility of reducing the qualification), for its strategy of international expansion. The changing global landscape made that what was regarded as a risk decision, becomes now an element that can contribute to the growth and expansion of the entity. In the first months of the crisis, while fell several banks around the world, the Spanish chaired by Emilio Booty, decided to go shopping and thus among the most relevant decisions acquired in Britain Alliance & Leicester and the network of offices and deposits retailers of Bradford & Bingley, reaching thus the third in deposits the English banking. In the U.S. he acquired Sovereign, with a strong presence in commercial banking in the northeast of the country through 747 offices. The entity also has operations in several countries in Latin America and in other European countries. The current strength of the Santander was demonstrated this week when she gave to know the ranking of most profitable banks in the world and the Spanish stood in third place with a benefit of 15.825 billion euros, improving seven positions compared to last year.

The importance worldwide of Santander is also reflected for currently being the seventh Bank in capitalization level. Three things that can be questioned to Santander have been the wrong decision to entrust their clients investments to Madoff, his exposure to Lehman Brothers and the suspension of reimbursement of the Banif Santander real estate fund, but knew how to solve them in a good way and in a short time. The latest addition to this entity that is watching the global crisis as an opportunity, has signed a commercial alliance with China Construction Bank which consist of opening 100 offices in rural areas in the Asian country. The key to the performance of the entity is its business model itself, supported by six pillars that are the focus in commercial banking with a wide coverage of branches, its geographical diversification, prudent risk management, cutting-edge technology at the service of trade efficiency, capital discipline and a good management team. In the wake of the global economic recovery, Santander is prepared to win markets and this represents in itself a great competitive advantage given the large number of entities which still struggle to solve the problems of their balance sheets.